THERE’S NO GOING BACK.
Sterilization involves removing the body's ability to release eggs into the womb with a surgical procedure. Generally speaking it is non-reversible, so it is only a choice for women who never want to have children, or who don't wish to have any more.
There are surgical and non-surgical methods of female sterilization. Non-surgical methods block the fallopian tubes with a small, metal device. This is placed through the vagina with a special catheter, and it works by causing scar tissue to form around it, eventually closing the tubes. This process takes around three months, so you will have to use another method of contraception in this time, but once it's done, it's done.
The surgical methods are slightly more invasive, and are generally performed under general anesthesia so they require a longer recovery time. During the surgery the fallopian tubes are cut, sealed using an instrument with an electrical current, or closed with clamps or rings. Once done, sterilization doesn't affect libido or your ability to have sex, but it's important to consult your doctor or nurse while you make the decision. They will help you weigh the benefits, risks and any potential drawbacks, and inform you of other long-acting contraceptives such as the IUS and IUD, which are also highly effective.
HOW IT MEASURES UP
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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
The percentage of women who have chosen sterilization for contraception.
The length of time it takes for the non-surgical procedure to be effective.
The first full medical description of the procedure was provided by Von Blundell.
- It’s permanent.
- It allows spontaneity and doesn’t interrupt sex.
- It is hormone-free and can be an option for women who experience unwanted effects from hormones.
- It has no impact on menstruation.
- A doctor or nurse must perform the procedure, which may involve general anesthesia.
- Some women experience pain, bleeding, infection, or other complications after the procedure.
- It can cause tubal pregnancy.
- It is non-reversible.
- It doesn’t protect against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).