DOESN'T ACT ALONE
Spermicides aren't very effective when used on their own, and are best combined with a barrier method such as a condom or a diaphragm. There are many different types available, from foams to creams and pastes, but they all work in much the same way. Chemicals in spermicides make it difficult for sperm to move in the vagina.
Since spermicides are best used with another form of contraception, the directions on how to use them will depend on the barrier method they are applied to. The important thing is to pay close attention to the spermicide's expiry date, and to leave it in the vagina for at least 6 hours after you've had sex. Some women experience allergic reactions or irritation caused by the chemicals in spermicide, so if you have any questions or concerns about spermicide, consult your doctor or nurse.
How it measures up
EFFICACY WITH PERFECT USE
Spermicides are self-administered and bought over the counter. Their efficacy rises dramatically when they are combined with a barrier method such as a condom or a diaphragm. When used perfectly, they can be effective at preventing pregnancy.View ’Typical’ Use Efficacy Rate
EFFICACY WITH TYPICAL USE
Spermicides are self-administered and bought over the counter. They shouldn't be used alone, and they require a little planning and a little care to use. They are less effective than other methods of contraception.View ’Perfect’ Use Efficacy Rate
No. Spermicide is hormone-free, but does contain chemicals.
Ease of Use
Spermicide needs to be applied prior to intercourse, each time you have sex.
Spermicide has no impact on menstruation.
It is recommended to use spermicide with a barrier method such as a diaphragm. Spermicide isn't the most effective when used on its own.
Spermicide can be used by everyone, but some people experience irritation, allergic reactions, and urinary tract infections.
Yes. You usually need to leave the barrier method and spermicide in place for 6 to 8 hours after sex. The vagina should not be washed or douched for at least 6 hours after sex. Instructions can vary depending on the kind of spermicide or the type of barrier method used, so it is important to read and follow directions carefully, and pay attention to expiry dates.
You can have a shower or a wash after sex, but depending on the type of spermicide you used, the soap or body wash may interact and affect its efficacy. Make sure that you carefully read and follow the directions on your spermicide.
Some people do experience side effects from spermicides. In rare instances, women may experience the symptoms of toxic shock syndrome, or toxic shock syndrome itself. Seek urgent medical attention if you believe you are experiencing any side effects. Other mild side effects include skin rash, redness, irritation, or itching.
Yes, spermicide is also available as a cream.
No. Some contain spermicides but not all. It’s important to check the condom packaging before use.
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5 to 90
How soon before sex spermicide should be placed in the vagina.
The year that the first spermicidal jelly was invented by Friedrich Merz.
Spermicides work best when used in conjunction with a diaphragm, cervical cap or condom.
- It’s hormone-free and can be an option for women who experience unwanted effects from hormones.
- It’s self-administered and used on demand.
- It can be used with barrier methods such as the female condom or the diaphragm to increase effectiveness.
- It’s not an effective method of contraception when used on its own.
- Some women may experience irritation, allergic reactions and urinary tract infections.
- It may not be effective if used at the same time as vaginal yeast infection medicine.
- It doesn’t protect against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
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Seek out an appointment with your doctor or nurse for further support that meets your needs.