STOPPING SPERM AT THE SOURCE
Male sterilization, also known as a vasectomy, is a permanent surgical contraceptive method. It involves cutting the tubes that carry sperm from the testes to the penis during ejaculation in a procedure that is done under local anesthetic. Since it is permanent and highly effective, it is an option for those who never want to have children, or who don't wish to have any more.
After the procedure, the man can still ejaculate, but the seminal fluid will not contain any sperm. Sterilization will only affect the man's fertility, and not his libido or his ability to have sex, but it's important to consult a doctor or nurse before making a decision. They will help you weigh the benefits and risks, and advise you on alternative long-acting methods of contraception such as the IUS or IUD. Sometimes it is possible to reverse a vasectomy, but the procedure is very complex, so there are no guarantees.
How it Measures Up
No. Male sterilization is hormone-free.
Ease of Use
Male sterilization is permanent. Once the procedure is done, it’s done.
Male sterilization has no impact on menstruation.
Yes. Contraception should still be used for the first three months after the procedure.
No, sterilization does not impact libido, and a man can have sex after he has recovered from the procedure the same as he did before.
Sterilization is intended to be permanent and non-reversible, so those who feel they may want to have children in the future should opt for an alternative method of contraception. Surgery to reverse sterilization is very difficult.
A doctor or nurse can examine a semen sample under a microscope to see if a man's ejaculate still contains sperm. If no moving sperm can be detected, the vasectomy has worked. A semen examination is recommended at any time after three months following the procedure.
Sterilization is intended to be permanent, but in rare cases the tubes that carry sperm can grow back together. If this happens, a repeat procedure will be necessary.
Yes, a vasectomy shouldn’t affect your ability to orgasm.
Yes. Though you may experience a little discomfort after the initial procedure, a vasectomy should not noticeably change the amount of ejaculate.
After the procedure, you’ll have two incisions that will need time to heal. You may experience some local pain or soreness, swelling, blood in the semen or blood clots in the scrotum. These symptoms should abate over time. You may also not be immediately sterile after the procedure.
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The year the first vasectomy was performed.
The seminal fluid ejaculated by a sterilized man contains no sperm.
Roughly the number of vasectomies undertaken worldwide every year.
- It is permanent.
- It allows spontaneity and doesn’t interrupt sex.
- It is hormone-free and can be an option for women who experience unwanted effects from hormones.
- It has no impact on menstruation.
- A doctor or nurse must perform the procedure, which may involve general anaesthesia.
- Some women experience pain, bleeding, infection, or other complications after the procedure.
- It can cause tubal pregnancy.
- It is non-reversible.
- It doesn’t protect against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
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Seek out an appointment with your doctor or nurse for further support that meets your needs.