Hormones to Prevent Unintended Pregnancy
Hormones occur naturally in the body, and they affect us all in different ways. Some methods of contraception contain hormones, which affect the menstrual cycle and/or the body to stop you from becoming pregnant when you don't want to be. Whether they act in the short term or the long term, their desired effect is similar.
Contraception that Uses Hormones
The IUS aka The Hormonal Coil
Placed in your womb by a doctor or nurse, the IUS then releases a progestin hormone locally. This hormone thickens the cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to reach an egg, and it reduces the growth of the womb lining, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to implant and develop.
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The Contraceptive Implant
This small stick is placed beneath the skin of your upper arm by a doctor or nurse, where it releases a progestin hormone into the blood stream. The hormone prevents your ovaries from releasing eggs, and it thickens the cervical mucus making it harder for sperm to move around.
The Contraceptive Injection
Depending on the type of injection it either contains a progestin hormone, or a progestin with estrogen. One injection given by a doctor or nurse every one to three months releases the hormone(s) into the blood stream where they stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and thicken the cervical mucus.
There are two different types of self-administered contraceptive pill. The combined pill contains a progestin and estrogen, whereas the progestin-only pill contains only a progestin. The different types of pill have different ways of working. The progestin-only pill acts mainly to thin the womb lining and thicken the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from getting through. The combined pill additionally stops eggs from being released.
Find out more about hormonal contraception methods here:
A small, flexible T-shaped plastic frame that releases low levels of hormones. It is placed in your womb by a doctor.
A small, T-shaped plastic frame with a copper wire that is placed in your womb by a doctor.
A small, flexible silicone rod that releases hormones. It is placed under the skin of your upper arm by a doctor.
A shot containing progestin that is effective for up to three months. It is administered by a doctor.
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Seek out an appointment with your doctor or nurse for further support that is specific to you and your lifestyle.